Fat grafting: History and Usage (2)

The process of fat grafting is as follows:

First, the fat is removed via standard liposuction. For those who don’t know, liposuction is a simple procedure that removes fat from an area through a cannula (thin hollow tube) and aspirator (suction device). Laser liposuction is generally not used because they can destroy the fat cells. This isn’t a problem if you’re just getting liposuction, but if you’re putting the fat back into your body, you want the cells to be intact.

The fat is then processed to remove debris, fluids, and dead cells via decantation and centrifugation. In layman’s terms, the fluid in the bottom and the stuff floating on top gets poured out and then the fat remaining is further purified by filtering or spinning it around really fast.

Finally, fat is reinjected in small droplets under the skin. The reason it’s done in small droplets is to ensure proper blood supply to the fat graft so it can survive. Smaller droplets mean more surface area and hence, more blood supply.

Fat grafts are can be used in many different ways. We offer breast, buttock, face and hand augmentation with autologous fat transfer. Fat grafts can increase the volume and restore youthful appearance of the face, improve skin texture, increase breast size , correct breast asymmetry, contour the breast and buttocks, and reduce wrinkles in the hand. Fat grafts are a very useful cosmetic procedure.

Recent research into the presence mesenchymal stem cells in adipose (fatty) tissue illuminates the possibility of regenerative therapies using grafted fat. Studies showed that MSCs are 300 to 500 times more abundant in adipose tissue than in bone marrow, which is where most doctors and researchers obtained MSCs at that time. Fat grafts have the potential to rejuvenate skin, reverse radiation tissue amage, treat autoimmune skin disorder, and many more due to the versatile nature of stem cells. However, this is still novel idea and has yet to be used in regular practice. Still, it shows how useful fat grafts can be beyond the scope of mere aesthetics.

Fat grafting: History and Usage (1)

Fat grafting, or fat transfer is a minimal invasive surgical procedure where fat is removed from one area of the body and injected into another for aesthetic purposes. It has several advantages- the procedure kills two birds with one stone by removing unwanted fat and improving the appearance of the fat injection site. It is the most natural way to augment and sculpt the body- after all, what makes a better implant than your own tissue?

While the idea of fat grafting is not complicated, we have only recently been able to do so consistently and safely in practice. Fat grafting goes all the way back to the late 19th century, when German surgeon Gustav Neuber achieved the first recorded successful fat grafting procedure in transferring fat from the arm to the orbital region to fix scars from osteomyelitis, a bone infection. Two years later, Viktor Czerny transferred a lipoma (a fatty lump under the skin) to the breast to correct the size difference following a mastectomy. While these two showed that fat grafting was possible, fat grafting failed to gain acceptance for the next century due to the many possible complications that would arise as a result of the procedure. It wasn’t until the 90s, when Dr. Sydney Coleman developed standardized structural fat grafting techniques, that the procedure became popular.



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